Plagiarism (from the Latin “to kidnap”) “occurs when a person represents someone else’s words, ideas, phrases, sentences,”1 graphs or charts, order of ideas, or other data as one’s own work, deliberately or not. To prevent any allegation of plagiarism, one must present the source or sources of all such information through the citation, that is, the complete, accurate and specific reference in a format specified by the professor or appropriate to the discipline. All statements quoted word-for-word must be acknowledged by placing the exact words of the source in quotation marks, along with the appropriate citation. All paraphrased statements must be acknowledged by use of the appropriate citation immediately following the material paraphrased. (This statement and the quotation are excerpted from the Community Standards & Student Code of Conduct, “Academic Policies,” Section VII, Part A, p. 45. See http://manhattan.edu/community-standards-and-student-code-conduct#32.Academic%20Integrity.)
The list below is from the book "The Curious Researcher" by Bruce Ballenger
Ballenger, Bruce. "The Curious Researcher." New York: Pearson, 2004.
When using ideas presented in other sources, it is important to credit authors -- individuals or organizations. Crediting sources is expected in academic and professional writing.
Three ways to present information from sources are: